Monuments of Miletus

Q169460

Miletus: (Μίλητος): one of the main Greek cities in Ionia.

North Agora

Today, the North Agora of Miletus, is a large wetland, only accessible during the summer. There are several monuments, like a small portico in Ionic style, built by a former Roman procurator of Asia named Tiberius Claudius Sophanus in c.50 CE. Not far from here are the baths of a man named Vergilius Capito, which are about as old as the portico. The well-preserved market gate can now be seen in Berlin's Pergamon Museum.

Harbor Area

It is hard to imagine that Miletus once had a large natural harbor, because the river Meander has deposited much sand in this area, making the coastline recede for some eight kilometers. Among the remains in the harbor district is a Roman naval monument, possibly dedicated by Octavian to commemorate the naval battle off Actium (31 BCE), where he defeated Cleopatra VII Philopator of Egypt and Marc Antony. It was ornamented with tritons and the prows of warships. It is possible, however, that the monument is a generation older, and honored Pompey the Great, who had defeated the Cilician pirates.

Baths of Faustina

The Baths of Faustina were dedicated to the wife of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius (r.161-180). These baths must have been finished before 176, the year of Faustina's death.

Theater

The Graeco-Roman theater of Miletus was built in the fourth century BCE, but rebuilt by the Romans, who tripled its size. From now on, 15,000 people could see a tragedy, comedy, or a gladiatorial contest. On top of it are the remains of a fort from the Byzantine age.

Museum pieces