Susa, Palace of Artaxerxes II Mnemon

Susa (Elamitic, BabylonianŠušim; Greek τὰ Σοῦσα): capital of Elam, favorite residence of the Persian king Darius I the Great.

Palace of Artaxerxes II Mnemon

In 1970, a farmer from Susa ploughing a field west of the river Shaour discovered the bases of several ancient Achaemenid columns. From the inscription, known as A2Sd, it became clear that they belonged to a palace built by king Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404-358):

By the grace of Ahuramazda, I built this palace, which I have built in my lifetime as a pleasant retreat [paradise]. May Ahuramazda, Anahita, and Mithra protect me and my building against evil.

The roof of the hall rested on sixty-four wooden columns, which were painted blue. The walls were covered with red and blue plaster. The site appears to have remained in use until the Early Islamic period.