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Thessaly (Greek: Θεσσαλία): landscape in northern Greece.



In a brief digression in his account of Xerxes' invasion of Greece, the Greek researcher Herodotus of Halicarnassus notes that Thessaly might as well have been a large lake:note surrounded on all sides by mountains, its rivers would have filled the basin if it would not have had an outlet throught the Tempe canyon. This is correct. In the north is Mount Olympus; in the west are the Pindos mountains with the sources of the rivers Peneius, Pamisus, Onochonus; in the south is the Othrys with the sources of the Apidanus and Enipeus; in the east is the Ossa, which touches the Othrys behind Iolkos (modern Volos) and is separated from the Olympus by the Tempe.

So, Thessaly was a basin, but there was an outer circle: the Magnesian peninsula with the Pelion mountains, stretching into the Aegan Sea like a big tail, Achaean Phthiotis, and Malis. The outer borders were, therefore, the Olympus, Pindus, Thermopylae, and the Aegean Sea. 

Early History

Archaic and Classical Age

Classical Age

Hellenistic age

Roman Republic

This page was created in 2018; last modified on 5 December 2018.