This is the new Livius website. We are currently converting the old website, but this will take some time yet. Please report any errors.

A new magazine on ancient history

Jona Lendering (webmaster of is involved in a plan to start a new magazine about the ancient world. Sounds interesting? Please take the survey.

More information

Taq-e Bostan

Taq-e Bostan ("the arch of the garden"): site of several Sasanian rock reliefs, on the northeastern outskirts of modern Kermanshah.

At Taq-e Bostan ("the arch of the garden"), situated in the neighborhood of modern Kermanshah, several Sasanian reliefs can be found:

In front of the monuments is a little artificial lake and an ancient garden, or "paradise". They were probably created in the Parthian age, but the reliefs are younger.