Mesopotamian Chronicles

The Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles are historiographical texts from ancient Mesopotamia. Although they contain references to the earliest times, they deal especially with the second half of the second and the entire first millennium down to the first century BCE (cf. this table).

Introduction

ABC 5: Chronicle Concerning the Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar II ("Jerusalem Chronicle")

On this page, you will find

The main editions are:

  1. A.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (1975 = ABC);
  2. Jean-Jacques Glassner, Chroniques Mésopotamiennes (1993) (translated as Mesopotamian Chronicles, 2004) (= CM);
  3. I. Finkel & R.J. van der Spek, Babylonian Chronicles of the Hellenistic Period (= BCHP).

The third of these books has not been published yet, but is being prepared by Irving Finkel of the British Museum (London) and Bert van der Spek of the Free University of Amsterdam (Holland).note Their results are presented here for the first time, so you will also find scholarly editions of the texts, which presuppose some knowledge of the Akkadian language. This online-publication is intended to invite suggestions for better readings, comments and interpretations (go here to contact Van der Spek). Below, you will find an overview of chronicles, more or less in their chronological order. For those who are unfamiliar with the subject but are interested, the "reader's editions" ought to be accessible. These are simplified translations. After reading a bit about the conventions of publication, the "scholarly editions" ought to be accessible too.

In the table below, yellow indicates a text written in, pink stands for Assyrian, blue for Babylonian.

     

Chronicles

   
  CM 1+2   Sumerian King List  
Translation
ABC 18 CM 3   Dynastic chronicle  
Translation
  CM 5   Assyrian King List  
Translation
  CM 6   Royal chronicle of Lagaš  
Translation
ABC 19 CM 38   Weidner chronicle  
Translation
ABC 20 CM 39-41   Early kings chronicle  
Translation
  CM 7   Tummal chronicle  
Translation
  CM 48   Uruk chronicle concerning the kings of Ur  
Translation
  CM 8   Assyrian Eponym List (second millennium)  
Translation
ABC 23 CM 50   Market prices chronicle  
Translation
ABC 21 CM 10   Synchronistic history  
Translation
ABC 22 CM 45   Chronicle P  
Translation
  CM 11   Enlil-nirari chronicle  
Translation
  CM 12   Arik-den-ili chronicle  
Translation
  CM 46   Walker chronicle  
Translation
  CM 13   Tukulti-Ninurta chronicle  
Translation
  CM 14   Aššur-reša-iši chronicle  
Translation
  CM 15   Tiglath-pileser I  chronicle  
Translation
ABC 24 CM 47   Eclectic chronicle  
Translation
ABC 17 CM 51   Religious chronicle  
Translation
  CM 9   Assyrian Eponym List (first millennium)  
Translation
  CM 52   Chronographic document concerning Nabu-šuma-iškun  
Translation
ABC 1 CM 16   Period from Nabu-Nasir to Šamaš-šuma-ukin  
Translation
ABC 1B CM 17   Period from Nabu-Nasir to Esarhaddon  
Translation
ABC 14 CM 18   Esarhaddon chronicle  
Translation
ABC 15 CM 19   Šamaš-šuma-ukin chronicle  
Translation
ABC 16 CM 20   Akitu chronicle  
Translation
ABC 2 CM 21   Early Years of Nabopolassar chronicle  
Translation
ABC 3 CM 22   Fall of Nineveh chronicle  
Translation
ABC 4 CM 23   Late years of Nabopolassar chronicle  
Translation
ABC 5 CM 24   Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar chronicle  
Translation
ABC 6 CM 25   Third year of Neriglissar chronicle  
Translation
ABC 7 CM 26   Nabonidus chronicle Scholarly edition
Translation
  CM 53   Chronographic document concerning Nabonidus  
Translation
      Cyrus Cylinder
Scholarly edition
Translation
ABC 9 CM 28   Artaxerxes III chronicle  
Translation
ABC 8 CM 29 BCHP 1 Alexander chronicle
Scholarly edition
Translation
    BCHP 2 Alexander and Arabia chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
ABC 10 CM 30 BCHP 3 Diadochi chronicle
Scholarly edition
Translation
  CM 31 BCHP 4 Alexander and Artaxerxes Fragment
Scholarly edition
Translation
ABC 11 CM 32 BCHP 5 Antiochus I and Sin temple chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 6 Ruin of Esagila chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
ABC 13A CM 36 BCHP 7 Antiochus, Bactria, and India chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 8 Juniper garden chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
ABC 12 CM 33 BCHP 9 End of Seleucus I chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
ABC 13 CM 34 BCHP 10 Seleucid Accessions chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 11 Invasion of Ptolemy III chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
ABC 13B CM 35 BCHP 12 Seleucus III chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 13 Politai chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 14 Greek Community chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 15 Gold theft chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 16 Document on land and tithes
Scholarly edition
 
  CM 37 BCHP 17 Judicial chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 18A/B Chronogr. doc. conc. Bagayasha B/A Scholarly edition  
    BCHP 18C Chronogr. doc. conc. Bagayasha C Scholarly edition  
    BCHP 19 Chronicle concerning an Arsacid king
Scholarly edition
 
    BCHP 20 Euphrates chronicle
Scholarly edition
 
     

Additional documents

   
  CM 42   Kings of the Sealand  
Translation
  CM 43   Samsuiluna fragment  
Translation
  CM 44   Another Samsuiluna fragment  
Translation
  CM 27   Fragment of a Neo-Babylonian chronicle  
Translation
      Nabonidus Cylinder from Sippar   
Translation
      Dynastic Prophecy  
Translation
      Antiochus Cylinder
Scholarly edition
 
  CM 4   Babylonian King List of the Hellenistic Period
Scholarly edition
Translation
      Uruk King List
Scholarly edition
Translation
     

Astronomical diaries

   
      Diary concerning Artaxerxes II Mnemon
Scholarly edition
 
      Diary conc. Gaugamela
Scholarly edition
Translation
      Diary conc. the second year of Philip Arridaeus
Scholarly edition
 
      Diary conc. the 7th year of Alexander IV
Scholarly edition
 
      Diary conc. SE 66
Scholarly edition
 
      Diary fragment on Demetrius and Arabia
Scholarly edition
 
      Diary fragment on "messengers of the politai"
Scholarly edition
 
      Arsacid diary fragment on politai
Scholarly edition
 

There are no scholarly editions of the non-BCHP-chronicles on this page, nor will there ever be, because that would be a copyright infringement. For the original (usually Akkadian) text and commentaries, you must therefore consult Grayson's or Glassner's book. The translations offered here are free adaptations from ABC and CM; the spelling of personal names has been harmonized, variants have been ignored, explanatory notes have been added, uncertain readings have not been indicated. In short, these pages are no subsitute for ABC or CM.