Mesopotamian Chronicles
The Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles are historiographical texts from ancient Mesopotamia. Although they contain references to the earliest times, they deal especially with the second half of the second and the entire first millennium down to the first century BCE (cf. this table).
Introduction
On this page, you will find
 links to translations of all known chronicles; they are meant as a first introduction and for ready reference, but it is advisable not to quote them without consulting a printed edition, because many readings are still uncertain;
 new editions of the chronicles of the Seleucid and Parthian period; several of them have not been published before.
The main editions are:
 A.K. Grayson, Assyrian and Babylonian Chronicles (1975 = ABC);
 JeanJacques Glassner, Chroniques Mésopotamiennes (1993) (translated as Mesopotamian Chronicles, 2004) (= CM);
 I. Finkel & R.J. van der Spek, Babylonian Chronicles of the Hellenistic Period (= BCHP).
The third of these books has not been published yet, but is being prepared by Irving Finkel of the British Museum (London) and Bert van der Spek of the Free University of Amsterdam (Holland).^{note} Their results are presented here for the first time, so you will also find scholarly editions of the texts, which presuppose some knowledge of the Akkadian language. This onlinepublication is intended to invite suggestions for better readings, comments and interpretations (go here to contact Van der Spek). Below, you will find an overview of chronicles, more or less in their chronological order. For those who are unfamiliar with the subject but are interested, the "reader's editions" ought to be accessible. These are simplified translations. After reading a bit about the conventions of publication, the "scholarly editions" ought to be accessible too.
In the table below, yellow indicates a text written in Sumerian, pink stands for Assyrian, blue for Babylonian.
Chronicles 

CM 1+2  Sumerian King List 


ABC 18  CM 3  Dynastic chronicle 


CM 5  Assyrian King List 


CM 6  Royal chronicle of Lagaš 


ABC 19  CM 38  Weidner chronicle 


ABC 20  CM 3941  Early kings chronicle 


CM 7  Tummal chronicle 


CM 48  Uruk chronicle concerning the kings of Ur 


CM 8  Assyrian Eponym List (second millennium) 


ABC 23  CM 50  Market prices chronicle 


ABC 21  CM 10  Synchronistic history 


ABC 22  CM 45  Chronicle P 


CM 11  Enlilnirari chronicle 


CM 12  Arikdenili chronicle 


CM 46  Walker chronicle 


CM 13  TukultiNinurta chronicle 


CM 14  Aššurrešaiši chronicle 


CM 15  Tiglathpileser I chronicle 


ABC 24  CM 47  Eclectic chronicle 


ABC 17  CM 51  Religious chronicle 


CM 9  Assyrian Eponym List (first millennium) 


CM 52  Chronographic document concerning Nabušumaiškun 


ABC 1  CM 16  Period from NabuNasir to Šamaššumaukin 


ABC 1B  CM 17  Period from NabuNasir to Esarhaddon 


ABC 14  CM 18  Esarhaddon chronicle 


ABC 15  CM 19  Šamaššumaukin chronicle 


ABC 16  CM 20  Akitu chronicle 


ABC 2  CM 21  Early Years of Nabopolassar chronicle 


ABC 3  CM 22  Fall of Nineveh chronicle 


ABC 4  CM 23  Late years of Nabopolassar chronicle 


ABC 5  CM 24  Early Years of Nebuchadnezzar chronicle 


ABC 6  CM 25  Third year of Neriglissar chronicle 


ABC 7  CM 26  Nabonidus chronicle  Scholarly edition 


CM 53  Chronographic document concerning Nabonidus 


Cyrus Cylinder 



ABC 9  CM 28  Artaxerxes III chronicle 


ABC 8  CM 29  BCHP 1  Alexander chronicle 


BCHP 2  Alexander and Arabia chronicle 


ABC 10  CM 30  BCHP 3  Diadochi chronicle 


CM 31  BCHP 4  Alexander and Artaxerxes Fragment 



ABC 11  CM 32  BCHP 5  Antiochus I and Sin temple chronicle 


BCHP 6  Ruin of Esagila chronicle 


ABC 13A  CM 36  BCHP 7  Antiochus, Bactria, and India chronicle 


BCHP 8  Juniper garden chronicle 


ABC 12  CM 33  BCHP 9  End of Seleucus I chronicle 


ABC 13  CM 34  BCHP 10  Seleucid Accessions chronicle 


BCHP 11  Invasion of Ptolemy III chronicle 


ABC 13B  CM 35  BCHP 12  Seleucus III chronicle 


BCHP 13  Politai chronicle 


BCHP 14  Greek Community chronicle 


BCHP 15  Gold theft chronicle 


BCHP 16  Document on land and tithes 


CM 37  BCHP 17  Judicial chronicle 


BCHP 18A/B  Chronogr. doc. conc. Bagayasha B/A  Scholarly edition  
BCHP 18C  Chronogr. doc. conc. Bagayasha C  Scholarly edition  
BCHP 19  Chronicle concerning an Arsacid king 


BCHP 20  Euphrates chronicle 


Additional documents 

CM 42  Kings of the Sealand 


CM 43  Samsuiluna fragment 


CM 44  Another Samsuiluna fragment 


CM 27  Fragment of a NeoBabylonian chronicle 


Nabonidus Cylinder from Sippar 


Dynastic Prophecy 


Antiochus Cylinder 


CM 4  Babylonian King List of the Hellenistic Period 



Uruk King List 



Astronomical diaries 

Diary concerning Artaxerxes II Mnemon 


Diary conc. Gaugamela 



Diary conc. the second year of Philip Arridaeus 


Diary conc. the 7th year of Alexander IV 


Diary conc. SE 66 


Diary fragment on Demetrius and Arabia 


Diary fragment on "messengers of the politai" 


Arsacid diary fragment on politai 

There are no scholarly editions of the nonBCHPchronicles on this page, nor will there ever be, because that would be a copyright infringement. For the original (usually Akkadian) text and commentaries, you must therefore consult Grayson's or Glassner's book. The translations offered here are free adaptations from ABC and CM; the spelling of personal names has been harmonized, variants have been ignored, explanatory notes have been added, uncertain readings have not been indicated. In short, these pages are no subsitute for ABC or CM.