Aqedah: name of the Biblical story about the binding of Isaac.
The Biblical book of Genesis contains a famous story in which God asks Abraham to sacrifice his only son, Isaac. Abraham obeys and binds the child – aqedah means “binding” – but at the decisive moment, heaven intervenes, the father sees a ram caught in a thicket by its horns, takes the ram, and sacrifices this animal instead.note[Genesis 22.1-19.]
In the Christian tradition, this story is read as evidence of the patriarch’s willingness to sacrifice what was most dear to him. However, there are ancient Jewish traditions that emphasize Isaac’s willingness to be sacrificed and thus take away the sins of the world. “Were I not born to be offered as a sacrifice?” Isaac exclaims in a text from the early first century CE, Pseudo-Philo’s Biblical History.note[Pseudo-Philo, Biblical History 32.2-4.]
This interpretation may have originated in the second half of the second century BCE or a little later. The idea that someone could suffer for the sins of other people may have inspired early Christian interpretations of the violent death of Jesus of Nazareth (vicarious suffering).