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Septimius Odaenathus: emperor of Palmyra (260-267).
- ±220: Septimius Odaenathus
- 260: establishes personal rule in the East
- 262: dux Romanorum, corrector totius Orientis, rex regum
- Autumn 267: murdered
- father: Hairanes, son of Vaballathus, son of Nasor
- first wife: an unknown lady
- son: Herodian
- second wife: Zenobia
- sons: Septimius Hairanes, Vaballathus
- ±220 Born in Palmyra
- Exarch of Palmyra
- Before 258 Consul
- (Deputy of the?) Proconsul of Syria
- 260 Valerian taken captive by the Sasanian king Shapur; many usurpations (Macrianus, Quietus in the east; Ingenuus and Regalianus in Pannonia; Postumus in Gaul)
- 261 Odaenathus captures Emesa, where Quietus had established an independent state
- 262 Death of Valerian, still captive; Valerian's son Gallienus accepts the existence of the Palmyrene Empire and appoints Odaenathus as dux Romanorum ("leader of the Romans"). Other titles: corrector totius Orientis, rex regum. His son Herodian is also called rex regum.
- 266 Odaenathus captures Ctesiphon
- 267 Assassinated with Herodian
Succeeded by: Zenobia, Vaballathus
- biography from the Historia Augusta