Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: collection of Old Persian cuneiform texts from the sixth, fifth, and fourth centuries BCE, left by the Achaemenid kings on their official monuments.
A1Pa, inscription from Persepolis
[Old Persian inscription, written on a block of stone. The fragments were excavated on the court between the Palace of Darius, Palace of Xerxes, Palace of Artaxerxes I, and Palace G. The beginning of the Old Persian version is missing, but can be reconstructed because the Babylonian translation is better preserved.]
- baga \ vazraka \ Auramazdâ \ hya \
- imâm \ bûmim \ adâ \ hya \ ava
- m \ asmânam \ adâ \ hya \ marti
- yam \ adâ \ hya \ šiyâtim \ ad
- â \ martiyahyâ \ hya \ Artaxšaç
- âm \ xšâyathiyam \ akunauš \ a
- ivam \ parûnâm \ xšâyathiyam \
- aivam \ parûnâm \ framâtâram
- \ adam \ Artaxšaçâ \ xšâyathiya
- \ vazraka \ xšâyathiya \ xšâyathi
- yânâm \ xšâyathiya \ dahyûnâ
- m \ paruzanânâm \ xšâyathiya \
- ahyâyâ \ bûmiyâ \ vazrak
- âyâ \ dûraiy \ apiy \ Xšay
- âršahyâ \ xšâyathiyahyâ \ pu
- ça \ Dârayavahauš \ napâ \ Haxâmanišiya
- \ thâtiy \ Artaxšaçâ \ xšâ
- yathiya \ vazraka \ vašnâ \ Au
- ramazdahâ \ ima \ hadiš \ Xšayâ
- ršâ \ xšâyathiya \ hya \ manâ \ pi
- tâ \ frataram \ pasâva \ adam \ aku
- navam \ mâm \ Auramazdâ \ pât
- uv \ hadâ \ bagaibiš \ utamaiy \
- xšaçam \ utâ \ tyamaiy \ kartam
A great god is Ahuramazda, who created this earth, who created that heaven, who created man, who created happines for man, who made Artaxerxes king, one king for many, one leader for all.
I am Artaxerxes, the great king, the king of kings, the king of countries with all kinds of men, the king in this earth far and wide, the son of king Xerxes, the grandson of Darius, the Achaemenid.
Artaxerxes the great king says: by the grace of Ahuramazda, my father, king Xerxes, built this palace. After that, I built [it]. May Ahuramazda and the gods preserve me, my kingdom, and what I have built.
- Pierre Lecoq, Les inscriptions de la Perse achéménide (1997 Paris)