Appian, The Illyrian Wars

Appian of Alexandria (c.95-c.165): one of the most underestimated of all Greek historians, author of a Roman History in twenty-four books.

The Illyrian wars, an appendix to the book on the Macedonian wars, belong to the better preserved parts. They are a valuable source for the history of Illyricum, i.e., the northwestern Balkan peninsula.

The translation was made by Horace White; notes by Jona Lendering.

There are two systems to divide the Illyrian Wars: in thirty sections or five chapters. On these webpages, the text is divided into sections; the following table shows the division into chapters.



§1: Size of Illyria
§2: Mythological origins of the Illyrians
§3: Early history of the Illyrian tribes
§4: Illyrian blasphemers punished by the Cimbri
§5: Illyrian blasphemers punished by the Romans
§6: Remark about topography


First Illyrian War

§7: First Illyrian War

Second Illyrian War

§8: Second Illyrian War

Third Macedonian War

§9: Third Macedonian War

Later conflicts

§10: Later conflicts
§11: Figulus' Dalmatian campaign


Civil Wars

§12: Julius Caesar and the Illyrians; defeat of Gabinius
§13: The Dalmatians remain independent
§14: The Pannonians on the Danube
§15: Appian's incertitude


Octavian's war

§16: Overview of Augustus' pacification of Illyricum
§17: The Romans attack the Salassi
§18: Augustus attacks the Iapydes
§19: Augustus besieges Metulus
§20: Augustus wounded
§21: Sack of Metulus
§22: Augustus attacks the Segestani
§23: Augustus attacks the Segestanian capital
§24: Capture of the capital of the Segestani


§25: Augustus attacks the Dalmatians
§26: Capture of Promona
§27: Capture of Sunodium
§28: Other Roman victories

The Mysian Wars

§29: Conquest of the Mysians
§30: Conquest of the Mysians