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Thirteenth Dynasty: name of the last dynasty of kings of Egypt's "Middle Kingdom".
- After the splendor of the Twelfth Dynasty, there were many rulers, but none of them was particularly import, even though some of them could have long reigns
- The main royal residence, which had been at the (unidentified) Itj-tawi, was transferred to Thebes in the south
- Egypt gradually loses control of Nubia
- In the Second Intermediary Period, Lower Egypt will be ruled by the Fourteenth (which breaks away first), Fifteenth ("Hyksos"), and Sixteenth Dynasties; in Thebes, the Seventeenth Dynasty succeeds the Thirteenth
Thirteenth dynasty (Middle Egypt) (c.1780-c.1660)
Many kings, a.o.:
|Sankhibra Ameny Intef Amunemhet|
|Sekhemra Khutawy Amunemhet Sobekhotep II||
|Sekhemra Sewadjtawy Sobekhotep III|
|Khaneferra Sobekhotep IV||
|Sekhemra Sankhtawy Iykernofret Neferhotep|