Böbingen an der Rems


Böbingen an der Rems: town in Germany, where a Roman castellum was excavated. Also known as Unterböbingen.

Böbingen, wall
Böbingen, wall

This little ruin of a gate is all that is visible today of the ancient Roman fort at Böbingen or Unterböbingen, situated on a hill on the south bank of the little river Rems. The limes wall was about a kilometer to the north. The fort, which was surrounded by walls of about 1¼ m wide and a triple moat, had a surface area of about 2 ha (148 x 135 m).

Its symmetrical map was fairly typical for a limes fort. In the center were the headquarters, there were wooden barracks for 500 auxiliary soldiers, the house of the commander was heated, and there must have been a bathhouse. Like most forts in this area, Böbingen was founded in c.150 CE and continued to be occupied until the winter of 259/260, when Germanic tribes crossed the Rhine frontier.

The civil settlement was to the south and southeast of the fort. Several houses and a monumental building (probably a temple) have been discovered. No cemetries have been identified yet.

To the west of Böbingen was the limes fort of Schirenhof, to the east was Aalen.

This page was created in 2005; last modified on 10 October 2020.