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Jericho (Tel es-Sultan): ancient settlement in the valley of the Jordan river.
- Ancient settlement near a well; remains going back to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic B; several walls
- Plantations; known as "City of the Palm Trees"
- Seventh century BCE: when the Deuteronomist composes the Deuteronomistic History, he attributes the collapsed walls, which were still visible, to Joshua
- Achaemenid administrative center; the plantations become private property of the Persian king
- 347 BCE: Achaemenid campaign against Nectanebo II; Jericho destroyed and Jews were deported to Hyrcania. (The biblical book Judith contains echoes of this campaign.)
- After c.300: Property of the Ptolemaic king
- After c.200: Property of the Seleucid king; fortified during the Maccabaean revolt
- Refortified by Herod the Great (who calls the fort Cypris) and offered to Cleopatra
- After the demise of Cleopatra Augustus gives the settlement back to Herod. He builds aqueducts and a hippodrome. After Herod's death, Jericho's royal palace was destroyed by the rebel Simon of Perea.note[Flavius Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 17.273-277.]
- During the Jewish War (66-70): visit by Vespasian; base of X Fretensis
- Population growth in Late Antiquity