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Nicaea (İznik)

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Nicaea (Greek: Νίκαια): hellenistic town in Mysia, site of two ecclesiastical councils, modern İznik.

Hellenistic Nicaea

Nicaea, Funerary relief of a Hellenistic soldier named Menas

Nicaea ("city of victory") may originally have been a Greek colony named Helicore, but it had an unusual location, as it was not a port with direct access to the sea, but was situated in the interior, on the eastern shore of the Ascanian Lake. The geographer Strabo describes this lake as "surrounded by a plain that is large and very fertile but not at all healthful in summer".note In the hinterland is the river Sangarius.

Roman Nicaea

Nicaea, Statue of Cybele (Roman copy of a Hellenistic original)

Byzantine Nicaea

This page was created in 2018; last modified on 1 June 2020.

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