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Sicyon (Greek: Σικυών): Greek city on the northern Peloponnese.

The Hellenistic theater of Sicyon; in the distance, the Gulf of Corinth; beyond it, the mountains of the Megarid.

Situated in the northern part of the Peloponnese, where the river Asopus flowed into the Corinthian Gulf, Sicyon could only be an important trade center. In its port, merchandise was unloaded, sold, and transported inland, upstream along the river to Phleius. The city itself was built on a platform, about three kilometers from the shore.


Cultural Center

The Farnese Heracles

Sicyon has a great name in art history. It was said that painting was invented by the Sicyonians; this is of course exaggerated, but in the fourth century BCE, Eupompus was a great artist, whose pupils Pamphilus and Apelles were equally famous. Another painter whose name has been recorded, is Melanthius.

Among the sculptors, Dipoenus and Scyllis are famous (c. 580 BCE). Lysippus, who lived in the fourth century BCE, created the Farnese Heracles, the Apoxyomenos, and the portrait of Alexander the Great that is known as the Azara Herm. The Horses of the San Marco in Venice are also believed to be made by Lysippus. His pupil Eutychides of Sicyon made the Tyche of Antioch.

This page was created in 2018; last modified on 8 September 2020.

This page is a stub. It will be expanded to a full-fledged article.