This page is a stub. It will be expanded to a full-fledged article.
Volubilis: Roman city in Morocco, probably the capital of ancient Mauretania.
- Probably founded by the Carthaginians in the third century BCE; contacts with Berbers
- Fertile area, many agrarian products
- Independent area after the Second Punic War
- Kingdom of Juba of Mauretania; Volubilis probably was its capital
- The emperor Caligula (r.37-41 CE) invited the last Mauretanian king, Ptolemy, son of Juba II, to Rome and had him killed.note[Cassius Dio, Roman History 59.25.1; Suetonius, Caligula 35.1, Pliny the Elder, Natural History 5.11.]
- Revolt of Aedemon; final annexation in 44, by Claudius. Mauretania divided into two provinces: Mauretania Tingitana (west) and Mauretania Caesariensis (east). The annexation is documented in the inscription of Marcus Valerius Severus
- The Romans never fully subdued the Berbers
- Remained occupied in the Byzantine age
- Latin was the spoken language until the Arab conquests (c.700 CE)