Augusta Traiana: Roman city in Thrace, modern Stara Zagora.
- Quarry; copper mine; Neolithic settlement
- On the road south of the Haemus (Balkan) Mountains, between Philippopolis and (end third century) Diocletianopolis in the west and the ports of the Black Sea in the east; junction with the road to Hadrianopolis in the southeast and Nicopolis and Novae on the northern side of the mountains
- Trajan was interested in Nicopolis and Traiana, founded 106 CE; 38 hectares
- Aqueduct 3 km north
- Greek inscription documents domestic unrest in the mid-second-century, and festivities when they were over
- Mint from Marcus Aurelius to Gallienus (bronze coins)
- c.250: Attack by barbarian troops, which proceed to the west, to Philippopolis
- Destroyed by the Goths (376-378)
- Christian precence
- Late Antiquity: called Beroea
- Walls rebuilt by Justinian.note[Cf. Procopius, Buildings 4.11.19.]
There is a good museum and an excavation. You can see the western gate, the decumanus maximus, the base of an equestrian statue on a market place (which may have doubled as amphitheater), and baths. Ask directions at the museum to the underground mosaics, which are at walking distance from the museum.