Bodegraven: fortified bridge in the Roman Rhine limes.

Roman helmet

The road from Zwammerdam to Woerden along the frontier river Rhine crossed a small brook near modern Bodegraven in the Netherlands, and there must have been a bridge, which must have been guarded.

Several Roman finds prove that there was human occupation in the Roman age: ceramics, coins, bricks, roof tiles made by the Tenth Legion Gemina, an amphora, a lamp, part of a dolium (storage jar). The finds are often associated with a burning layer.

The presence of soldiers of an auxiliary army unit from northern Spain, the Cohors II Asturum, can be deduced from an almost illegible roof tile. The discovery, in 2000, of a lead tablet in which a twenty-one soldiers are cursed,note suggests that in the second century, the recruits of this unit were from the Danube region.

This page was created in 2003; last modified on 10 October 2020.