Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions: collection of Old Persian cuneiform texts from the sixth, fifth, and fourth centuries BCE, left by the Achaemenid kings on their official monuments.

In ca.521, the Persian king Darius I the Great ordered that a new alphabet, which he called the "Aryan script", was to be developed. It was used for a small corpus of inscriptions, known as the Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions. This page offers links to transcriptions, translations and pictures.

Overview

In this table, the first column indicates the inscription; the second column offers a very brief summary; the four last columns indicate whether there is a Photo, a Drawing, a Persian Text, and an English translation.

Ariaramnes
Darius I
Darius II
Arsames
Xerxes
Artaxerxes II
Cyrus
Artaxerxes I
Artaxerxes III

Achaemenid Royal Inscriptions

Ariaramnes, Hamadan
AmH Gold tablet, possibly a fake   D T E
Arsames, Hamadan
AsH Gold tablet, possibly a fake   D T E
Cyrus the Great (559-530), Babylon
CB* "Cyrus Cilinder" (in Babylonian) P D   E
Cyrus the Great (559-530), Pasargadae / Murghab
CMa Entrance of Palace P and Palace S P D T E
CMb On a relief of king Cyrus in Palace P P     E
CMc Above a relief of king Cyrus in Gate R P     E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Behistun
DB* "Behistun Inscription", (column #1, #2, #3, #4, #5)   D T E
* DBa, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k: additions to DB     T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Gandj Nameh / Elvend
DE Inscription near a waterfall P D T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Gherla
DG Fragment of a clay tablet from Rumania       E
Darius I the Great (522-486),  Hamadan
DH* Gold and silver tablet (text identical to DPh)     T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Naqš-e Rustam
DNa* Upper register of Darius' tomb P D T E
DNb* Lower register of Darius' tomb (later copied as XPl) P D T E
DNc* Brief honorific text for Gobryas P   T E
DNd* Brief honorific text for Aspathines     T E
DNe* People list     T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Persepolis
DPa* From the Palace of Darius P D T E
DPb* On reliefs in the Palace of Darius and the Palace of Xerxes P   T E
DPc* On window corniches in the Palace of Darius P D T E
DPd* Terrace inscription P D T E
DPe* Terrace inscription P D T E
DPf* Terrace inscription P     E
DPg* Terrace inscription P      
DPh* Gold and silver tablets from the Apadana (text identical to DH) P D T E
DPi* Doorknob   D T E
DPj* Fragment of  a column base     T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Susa
DSa* Two tiles   D T E
DSb* Two tiles   D T E
DSc* Column base     T E
DSd* Column base     T E
DSe* Empire list P D T E
DSf* Foundation inscription   D T E
DSg* Column base   D T E
DSi* Column base   D T E
DSj* Column base   D T E
DSk* Brick   D T E
DSl* Brick   D T E
DSm* Incomplete inscription on glazed bricks     T E
DSn* Statue     T E
DSo* Slab of marble     T E
DSp* Incomplete slab of marble   D T E
DSq* Slab of marble     T E
DSs* Slab of marble     T E
DSt* Slab of marble   D T E
DSu* Elamite inscription on a slab of marble       E
DSv* Damaged Babylonian inscription on a slab of marble       E
DSw* Babylonian inscription on a slab of marble       E
DSy* Column base P   T E
DSz* adaptation of DSf       E
DSaa* Abridged Babylonian version of DSf       E
DSab* Statue, in Egyptian P     E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Suez
DZa* Cartouche     T E
DZb* A brief "signature"     T E
DZc* Description of thee Red Sea Canal   D T E
Darius I the Great (522-486), Others
DWa* Weight     T E
DWb* Weight     T E
DWc* Weight P   T E
DWd* Weight P   T E
  Seal P D T E
* Vase       E
Xerxes I (486-465), Gandj Nameh / Elvend
XE Inscription near a waterfall P D T E
Xerxes I (486-465), Hamadan
XH* Fragment of a silver pitcher     T E
Xerxes I (486-465), Persepolis
XPa* Gate of All Nations P D T E
XPb* Stairs of the Apadana P D T E
XPc* Palace of Darius P D T E
XPd* Stairs of the Palace of Xerxes P D T E
XPe* Palace of Xerxes P D T E
XPf* "Harem inscription" P D T E
XPg* Glazed bricks from the Apadana P D T E
XPh "Daiva inscription" P D T E
XPi* Doorknob     T E
XPj* Column bases     T E
XPk* Relief     T E
XPl* Adaptation of DNb       E
XPm* Column bases     T E
Xerxes I (486-465), Susa
XSa* Column bases   D T E
XSb* Babylonian inscription on column bases       E
XSc* Inscription on a slab of marble   D T E
XSd* Column bases P     E
XSe* Babylonian inscription on a slab of marble       E
Xerxes I (486-465), Van
XV Rock inscription P D T E
Xerxes I (486-465), others
  Seals     T E
  Vase     T E
Artaxerxes I Makrocheir (465-424), Persepolis
A1Pa* Block of stone   D T E
A1Pb* Hall of Hundred Columns       E
Artaxerxes I Makrocheir (465-424), vases
A1Va* Vase     T E
A1Vb* Vase     T E
A1Vc* Vase     T E
A1Vd* Vase     T E
Darius II Nothus (424-404), Hamadan
D2Ha* Gold tablet       E
Darius II Nothus (424-404), Susa
D2Sa* Column base   D T E
D2Sb* Column base   D T E
Darius II Nothus (424-404), Others
* Vase (possibly of Darius I the Great) P     E
Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404-358), Hamadan
A2Ha* Column base P D T E
A2Hb* Column bases     T E
A2Hc* Gold tablet   D T E
Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404-358), Persepolis
A2Pa* People list on the Tomb of Artaxerxes II   D T E
Artaxerxes II Mnemon (404-358), Susa
A2Sa* Column base P   T E
A2Sb* Column base P   T E
A2Sc* Stone tablet     T E
A2Sd* Column bases from the Palace of Artaxerxes II P D T E
Artaxerxes III Ochus (358-338), Persepolis
A3Pa* Repairs to the Palace of Darius P D T E
Artaxerxes III Ochus (358-338), other
* Seals       E
Related texts
* An Egyptian amulet with the name of Darius I P     E
  An Egyptian vase with the name of Xerxes P   T E
  An inscription from Hamadan, mentioning a king Artaxerxes P     E

Literature

This page was created in 2004; last modified on 2 February 2017.