Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (r.522-486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid Empire.
On these pages, you can find drawings, a transliteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.
Column iv, lines 21-30
- gartiya \ hauv \ adurujiya \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ xšâyath
- iya \ amiy \ Asagartaiy \ Uvaxštrahya \ taumâyâ \ hauv
- \ Asagartam \ hamiçiyam \ akunauš \ I Frâda \ nâma \
- Mârgava \ hauv \ adurujiya \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \
- xšâyathiya \ amiy \ Margauv \ hauv \ Margum \ hamici
- yam \ akunauš \ I Vahyazdâta \ nâma \ Pârsa \ hauv \ a
- durujiya \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Bardiya \ amiy \ hya \ Kû
- rauš \ puça \ hauv \ Pârsam \ hamiçiyam \ akunauš \ I Ar
- xa \ nâma \ Arminiya \ hauv \ adurujiya \ avathâ \ athaha \ adam \ Nab
- ukudracara \ amiy \ hya \ Nabunaitahya \ puça \ hauv \ Bâbirum \ ham
Another was Tritantaechmes, the Sagartian; he lied, saying: 'I am king in Sagartia, of the dynasty of Cyaxares.' He made Sagartia to revolt.
Another was named Frâda, of Margiana; he lied, saying: 'I am king of Margiana.' He made Margiana to revolt.
Another was Vahyazdâta, a Persian; he lied, saying: 'I am Smerdis, the son of Cyrus.' He made Persia to revolt.
Another was Arakha, an Armenian; he lied, saying: 'I am Nebuchadnezzar, the son of Nabonidus.' He made Babylon to revolt.