Amathus or Amathous (Greek Ἀμαθοῦς): port in southern Cyprus, modern Limassol.
- Late Bronze Age / Early Iron Age: Original settlement. Commercial activity.
- c. 800 BCE: Phoenicians settle in Amathus and build a temple on the acropolis, dedicated to Astarte. The Greeks will identify this goddess with their Aphrodite.
- Amathus is included in the Assyrian and – after the fall of Nineveh (in 612 BCE) – Egyptian zone of influence
- After c.530 BCE: Persian rule.
Classical and Hellenistic Age
- c.499 BCE: The Ionian Revolt spreads to Cyprus. The cities unite under Onesilus of Salamis; only Amathus remains loyal. The Persians restore order
- Fifth century BCE: Rebuilding of the palace and the temple.
- 332 BCE: Androcles, the last king of Amathus, supports Alexander the Great, who is besieging Tyre.
- After 323 BCE: After the death of Alexander, his successors fight for a share of the inheritance. After the battle of Ipsus, Cyprus is an uncontested part of the Ptolemaic Empire.
- Greek bathhouse
- Third and second century: A new harbor is built; the cult of Isis and Sarapis is introduced; worship of queen Arsinoe.
- 58 BCE: Cyprus conquered by the Romans.
- End of the first century BCE: The sanctuary of Aphrodite is rebuilt. A colonnade is added.
- 22 CE: The Senate grants the sanctuary of Aphrodite the right of asylum.
- 77/78 CE: Earthquake. The sanctuary is rebuilt.
- Second century CE: The “golden age” of the Roman Empire.
- Fourth century: Christianity is established; Saint Tychon.
- Fifth century: The temple of Aphrodite, which has fallen in decay, is repaired and converted to a church. Another church is built near the shore.
- Early seventh century: A Christian basilica is built on the acropolis.
- 649: Arab attacks. The city is destroyed and abandoned.