The Pharnacids decended from an Achaemenid nobleman named Pharnaces, who was mayor of the palace of the Persian king Darius I the Great. In 477, Pharnaces' son Artabazus was appointed satrap of Hellespontine Phrygia (northwest Turkey); his descendants were to rule the satrapy until the fourth century.
|Artabazus I||477 - 455?|
|Pharnabazus I||455? - before 430|
|Pharnaces II||before 430 - after 422|
|Pharnabazus II||before 413 - 387|
|Ariobarzanes||387 - 363/362|
|Artabazus II||363/362 - 353|
|Pharnabazus III and Barsine|
In the Hellenistic age, the kings of Cappadocia (central Turkey) would claim descent from Pharnaces as well.