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Archelaus of Cappadocia
Archelaus (36 BCE - 17 CE): high priest of Comana, last king of Cappadocia.
- Son of Archelaus and Glaphyra
- Successor of Ariarathes IX Philadelphus
- Married to queen Pythodoris of Pontus
- 42: Gaius Cassius Longinus replaces Ariobarzanes with his brother Ariarathes IX Philadelphus
- 41: Mark Antony appoints Archelaus as king of Cappadocia
- 36 BCE: End of Ariarathes; Archelaus is uncontested king
- Marries queen Pythodoris of Pontus
- 20 BCE: ;pro-Roman Armenians kill king Artaxias II; the emperor Augustus proclaims Tigranes III king of Armenia. Augustus' stepson Tiberius and Archelaus see to Tigranes' accession.note[Augustus, Res Gestae 27; Josephus, Jewish Antiquities 15.104; Tacitus, Annals 2.3.]
- 17 CE: Accused, he visits Rome, where he dies
- Cappadocia becomes part of the Roman Empire
- Philostratus, Life of Apollonius 1.12