Cendere: name of a little river and a place, site of a Roman bridge, built by the Sixteenth Legion Flavia Firma.

The Roman bridge at Cendere (and a modern bridge in the distance)

The Roman bridge at Cendere was built in the first years of the third century, after the emperor Septimius Severus had defeated the Parthians, had captured Ctesiphon, and had added Mesopotamia to the Roman Empire. The old line of defense works along the Upper Euphrates was no longer necessary. The area was reorganized and in 203/204 CE, the river Chabinas (the modern Cendere Suyu) was bridged by soldiers of the Sixteenth Legion Flavia Firma.

The construction, which was (according to the inscriptions) paid for by "the four towns of Commagene", was 118 meters long and is part of the road to Nemrud Daği. On each of the two bridgeheads were two pillars with a statue, dedicated to the emperor, to his wife Julia Domna, and to their sons Caracalla and Geta. (When the latter was murdered, his statue was removed, the column was also removed, and his name erased from the inscriptions.)

This page was created in 2004; last modified on 15 September 2020.