This page is a stub. It will be expanded to a full-fledged article.
Cyzicus (Greek Κύζικος): Mysian town in the Propontis. The closest modern village is Aşağıyapıcı, the nearest modern city is Erdek.
- According to legend, founded by Pelasgians or Argonauts; in fact eighth-century Milesian settlers on their way to the Black Sea (traditionally 757 BCE)
- Two ports on the sandy isthmus of the Arctonessus, the "island of bears" (Kapıdağ Peninsula)
- Reinforced 675 BCE
- Delian League, nine talents
- BCE 410: Alcibiades defeats the Spartans
- s.IV: theater
- Although granted to Persia in the King's Peace of 387 BCE, it may have retained its autonomy and minted famous gold coins
- School of Eudoxus of Cnidus
- 336 BCE: Occupied by the Macedonian vanguard; in 334 BCE, Alexander the Great proceeds against the Persian Empire
- Hellenistic period: causeway to the mainland (perhaps natural causes - the real job must have been keeping the channel open)
- 330 BCE: Callipus of Cyzicus improves the Greek calendar
- 278 BCE: Galatian attacks. Cyzicus seeks and receives support from the Pergamene Empire.note[IG XI 4.1105.] Its crown prince, later king, Attalus I Soter married to a woman from Cyzicus, Apollonis.
- Since Laodice I became queen in the Seleucid Empire, the Seleucids held proporty in Cyzicus. King Antiochus IX spends his youth in Cyzicus.
- 73 BCE: Troops of Mithridates of Pontus besiege Cyzicus
- Tiberius: Roman; capital of the Mysian district of Asia
- Hadrian: Cyzicus receives the title of "metropolis"; the Cyzicenes build a very large temple for Hadrian
- 194 CE: civil war between Septimius Severus and Pescennius Niger
- c.255: Besieged by "Scythians"note[Zosimus, New History 1.35.2.]
- Diocletian: capital of Hellespontus (new name for former district Mysia, now an independent province)
- Late walls: 150 hectares
- 544 Earthquake; precious marble seized for Constantinople's new churches (Hagia Sophia)