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Utica (Punicˁattiq, "old town"): Punic city, forty kilometers northwest of Carthage.
Old Punic settlement (perhaps the oldest) in Africa, at the river Medjerda, north of Carthage
Utica (ˁattiq) means "old town", Carthage (Kart hadašt) means "new city"
Just like Cadiz, reports that it was founded in the eleventh century BCE; which may refer to very early trade contacts
Archaeological evidence dates back to the eighth century BCE
In the course of the sixth and fifth centuries, Utica was eclipsed by Carthage
After the First Punic War, in which Carthage lost Sicily to the Romans, the Carthaginian mercenaries revolted (240238 BCE) and laid siege to Utica, which was liberated by the Carthaginian generals Hamilcar Barca and Hanno the Great; after their victory, Utica sided with the rebels. In the end, the revolt was suppressed.
In the Second Punic War, besieged by the Roman general Scipio
Its rivalry to Carthage made Utica side with Rome in the Third Punic War (149-146 BCE)
After their victory, the Romans made Utica the capital of a new province, Africa; Carthage was destroyed
In the Second Civil War in the Roman Republic, Utica sided with the senatorial party against Julius Caesar; the senatorial leader Cato committed suicide in Utica
Caesar refounded Carthage, which became the capital of Africa
Utica remained the capital of New Africa, the more western part
Called a municipium in 36 BCE
The river silted up, loss of economic power and political status