Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (r.522-486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid Empire.
On these pages, you can find drawings, a transliteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.
Column 3, lines 11-19
- š \ xšâyathiya \ Marguš \ nâmâ \ dahyâuš \ hauvmaiy \ hamiçiyâ \ abava
- \ I martiya \ Frâda \ nâma \ Mârgava \ avam \ mathištam \ akunavatâ \ pasâ
- va \ adam \ frâišayam \ Dâdaršiš \ nâma \ Pârsa \ manâ \ badaka \ Bâxtriy
- â \ xšaçapâvâ \ abiy \ avam \ avathâšaiy \ athaham \ paraidiy \ ava
- m \ kâram \ jadiy \ hya \ manâ \ naiy \ gaubataiy \ pasâva \ Dâdaršiš \ hadâ \ k
- ârâ \ ašiyava \ hamaranam \ akunauš \ hadâ \ Mârgavaibiš \ Auramazd
- âmaiy \ upastâm \ abara \ vašnâ \ Auramazdâha \ kâra \ hya \ manâ \ avam \ kâram
- \ tyam \ hamiçiyam \ aja \ vasiy \ Âçiyâdiyahya \ mâhyâ \ XXIII \ raucabi
- š \ thakatâ \ âha \ avathâšâm \ hamaranam \ kartam \ thâtiy \ Dârayavau
(38) King Darius says: The province called Margiana revolted against me. A certain Margian named Frâda they made their leader. Then sent I against him a Persian named Dâdarši, my servant, who was satrap of Bactria, and I said unto him: 'Go, smite that host which does not acknowledge me.' Then Dâdarši went forth with the army, and gave battle to the Margians. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda my army utterly overthrew that rebel host. Of the twenty-third day of the month Âçiyâdiyanote[28 December 521.] was the battle fought by them.