Behistun or Bisotun: town in Iran, site of several ancient monuments, including a famous inscription by the Persian king Darius I the Great (r.522-486 BCE), the great organizer of the Achaemenid Empire.
On these pages, you can find drawings, a transliteration and an adapted version of the King/Thompson translation of the inscription.
Column ii, lines 38-45
- itîyam \ hamiçiyâ \ hagmatâ \ paraitâ \ patiš \ Dâdaršim \ hamaranam \ carta
- naiy \ Tigra \ nâmâ \ didâ \ Arminiyaiy \ avadâ \ hamaranam \ akunava \ A
- uramazdâmaiy \ upastâm \ abara \ vašnâ \ Auramazdâha \ kâra \ hya \ manâ \ a
- vam \ kâram \ tyam \ hamiçiyam \ aja \ vasiy \ Thûravâharahya \ mâhyâ \ XVIII
- \ raucabiš \ thakatâ \ âha \ avathâšâm \ hamaranam \ kartam \ thâtiy \ Dâraya
- vauš \ xšâyathiya \ patiy \ çitîyam \ hamiçiyâ \ hagmatâ \ paraitâ \ pat
- iš \ Dâdaršim \ hamaranam \ cartanaiy \ Uyamâ \ nâmâ \ didâ \ Arminiyaiy \ a
- vadâ \ hamaranam \ akunava \ Auramazdâmaiy \ upastâm \ abara \ vašnâ \ Aurama
(27) King Darius says: The rebels assembled for the second time, and they advanced against Dâdarši to give him battle. At a stronghold in Armenia called Tigra they joined battle. Ahuramazda brought me help; by the grace of Ahuramazda did my army utterly overthrow that rebel host. On the eighteenth day of the month Thûravâharanote[30 May 521.] the battle was fought by them.
(28a) King Darius says: The rebels assembled for the third time and advanced against Dâdarši to give him battle. At a stronghold in Armenia called Uyamâ they joined battle. Ahuramazda brought me help;