Bahram II: king of Persia, ruling from 276 to 293, member of the Sasanian dynasty.
- Name: Bahram II
- Beginning of reign: 276
- Successor of: Bahram I
- Married to Ardašir-Anahid
- The reign of Bahram I had been the beginning of an era of Sasanian weakness and during the reign of Bahram II, things went even worse. He had some difficulty in suppressing a revolt by his brother Hormizd, who ruled in the far east.
- In 283, Bahram II lost a war against the Roman emperor Carus, was forst to accept the loss of Armenia and northern Mesopotamia; and in the end, he lost power to the Zoroastrian high priest Kartir.
- End of reign: 293
- Succeeded by: his son Bahram III, who was inmediately replaced by Narseh.
Bahrām II introduced new new kind of scenes: images of intimacy (Sarab-e Qandil), frontal representations (Sarab-e Bahram), fights against lions (Sar Mashhad). He also used new sites, which had never been used before. Bahrām left no less than ten rock reliefs.(Numbers according to the Vanden Berghe list.)
- Audience relief Naqš-e Rustam
- Audience relief at Sarab-e Bahram
- Family scene at Sarab-e Qandil
- Family scene at Barm-e Dilak
- King and dignitary at Barm-e Dilak
- King at Guyum
- Arab envoys relief Bishapur
- Fight against lions at Sar Mashhad
- Equestrian victory relief Naqš-e Rustam (defeat of unknown Roman enemy)
- Double equestrian victory relief Naqš-e Rustam (defeat of unknown enemy)
- Kartir relief Naqš-e Rajab
- Kartir relief Naqš-e Rustam
General Literature on Sasanian Persia
- Touraj Daryaee, Sasanian Persia. The Rise and Fall of an Empire (2009)
- Josef Wiesehöfer, Das antike Persien. Von 550 v. Chr. bis 650 n. Chr. (1994)