Alexander's Portraits

Alexander the Great (*356; r. 336-323): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, MediaBactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus. In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. Therefore, he made Babylon his capital and introduced the oriental court ceremonial, which caused great tensions with his Macedonian and Greek officers.

Portraits of Alexander the Great

The portrait that is usually considered as the most acurate, is the Azara Herm. It is supposed to be based on a portrait by Lysippus.

Lysippus' Portrait

Here are some copies of another bust of Alexander, also identified as the one made by Lysippus.

Coins and Medaillons


Free-standing sculpture

Reliefs and Wall Paintings