Alexander the Great: Topography

Alexander the Great (*356; r. 336-323): the Macedonian king who defeated his Persian colleague Darius III Codomannus and conquered the Achaemenid Empire. During his campaigns, Alexander visited a.o. Egypt, Babylonia, Persis, Media, Bactria, the Punjab, and the valley of the Indus. In the second half of his reign, he had to find a way to rule his newly conquered countries. Therefore, he made Babylon his capital and introduced the oriental court ceremonial, which caused great tensions with his Macedonian and Greek officers.

Kampyr Tepe, one of the Alexandrias founded by Alexander

This is a list of places, visited by Alexander the Great and the Macedonian armies.

Hellespontine Phrygia (334)

Lydia and Ionia (334)

Caria (334)

Lycia (333)

Pamphylia (333)

Phrygia (333)

Cappadocia (333)

Cilicia (333)

Syria (332)

Egypt (331)

Mesopotamia (331)

Babylonia (331; 324; 323)

Elam (331; 324)

Persis (330; 324)

Media (330; 324-323)

Parthia (330)

Hyrcania (330)

Aria (330)

Drangiana (330/329)

Arachosia (329)

Parapamisos / Gandara (329)

Bactria (329)

Sogdia (329-327)

Cophen valley (327-326)

Punjab (326)

Gedrosia (325)

Carmania (325-324)